The superficial role of chance and natural selection we can explain in the above situations as below.
At my youth I would be forced to find a love-partner. Within this broad perimeter, it is up to me to select whom to have as my love-partner. And herein comes the role of chance. Naturally I would only select from among those girls who at the appropriate time happen to be around me by chance.
From the superficial side this phenomenon of ‘falling in love’ would seem to be a pure chance. Only to be slightly superimposable by selection. But seen from the depths this phenomenon had to happen, if not with this girl then with that.
Actually, however, even this much chance would have no chance. For, in fact, even the girl which would seem to be around by chance, and whom I would seem to have ‘selected,’ would be the one pre-determined by my evolutionary scheme (as also, of course, her own independently), as we would try to clear below.
For this we would comment upon what Jacques Monod had to say about chance, or in support of chance in his book Chance and Necessity. Writes he:
But in other situations the idea of chance takes on an essential meaning...in what may be called "absolute coincidences," those, that is to say, which result from the intersection of two totally independent chains of events. Suppose that Dr. Brown sets out on an emergency call to a new patient. In the meantime Jones the contractor’s man has started making emergency repairs on the roof of a nearby building. As Dr. Brown walks past the building, Jones inadvertently lets go his hammer, whose (deterministic) trajectory happens to intercept that of the physician, who dies of a fractured skull. We say he was a victim of chance. What other term fits such an event, by its very nature unforeseeable?
Chance is obviously the essential thing here, inherent in the complete independence of two causal chains of events whose convergence produces the accident.
Now, we can offer two types of explanations for the above happening by chance.
The one is that what has essentially happened - remember what Bronowski said about the elaboration of behavior above - in the above case is the death of Dr. Brown. Just as in our love-affair case what had essentially happened was the love-affair and the other preliminaries - how I happened to come to the place where this happened or how the girl happened to come to that place - are not of much consequence, similarly, what has essentially happened - that is of real consequence - in the above case is the death of Dr. Brown and the other preliminaries - how Dr. Brown happened to pass the particular place at the particular time or how Jones, the contractor’s man, happened to come to that place just then and let the hammer fall - are only of superficial importance.
The fundamental point to be noted in both the cases is that, what was of real consequence in my case was that I had entered my youth and the love-affair had to happen one way or the other. And what was of real consequence in Dr. Brown’s case was that, though not himself conscious of the fact, Dr. brown had come to the end of a particular destination of his life and his death (fundamentally, a change in behavior) had to happen one way or the other.
The other explanation may be said to be an holistic one.
Just as everything, every happening inside me - my body - is interrelated, every happening in the Universe is interrelated. In me it is interrelated through the agency of my mind, in the Universe it is interrelated through the agency of the virtual world. Nothing in me happens by chance, nothing in the Universe happens by chance.
Just as I said in some previous chapter, the phenomenon of instant non-locality of the quantum theory shows that ultimately - or at the deepest - everything always knows everything else and everywhere. Which in other words means, is interrelated.
Beginning from Mosc the Universal process of life is displayed as Mopc through the agency of Movc or the virtual world. Whatever happens in the Mopc or physical world happens according to, or in correspondence with, the Movc or virtual world and vice versa.
It is becoming increasingly clear even to the scientists of today that the virtual transitions do effect the actual transitions. ‘..virtual transitions.. are often of the greatest importance, for a great many physical processes are the result of these so-called virtual transitions,’ said David Bohm, to quote only one.
So in the absence of our knowledge of what is going on in the virtual world, it is but natural for us to assume with Jacques Monod that what is happening in the actual world is happening by chance.
If one could but unveil what was happening in the virtual world for us, we would have known that every happening – patients call, Dr. Brown’s leaving for his place, contractors orders to his man Jones for the repair of the building etc. etc. - was getting directions from some fundamental unity - from Mosc; and was then first getting related at the virtual level, in the virtual realm, and was only then allowed to happen in the actual realm, in our ordinary world.
Same could be said of the girl who happened to be around me at a certain time in my life as discussed above, by chance.
If Dr. Brown had gone deep enough in his search for the ultimate reality - say, up to the level of the mystics - then his individual ‘I’ would have united with the all ‘I’, with the fundamental unity of all things, and perhaps then and only then he could have foreseen his death coming. Though by then he would have been least concerned with saving his life.
Those interested in examples in support of such a phenomenon may go through the life of Shri Ramana Maharshi of India.
So much for the origin and evolution of species in general on our planet Earth. Now on we go in the next chapter to explain the evolution of our cultures within, down to our present times on the above lines.